Expression of immune-related genes in the digestive organ of shrimp, Penaeus monodon, after an oral infection by Vibrio harveyi
2010 (English)In: Developmental and comparative immunology, ISSN 1879-0089, Vol. 34, no 1, 19-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In all previous studies, to study shrimp immune response, bacteria were directly injected into the shrimp body and as a consequence the initial step of a natural interaction was omitted. In this study we have instead used an immersion technique, which is a more natural way of establishing an infection, to study immune responses in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Normally, Vibrio harveyi (Vh) is highly pathogenic to post-larval shrimp, but not to juveniles which usually resist an infection. In post-larvae, Vh causes a massive destruction of the digestive system, especially in the hepatopancreas and in the anterior gut. We have therefore investigated changes in transcription levels of fifteen immune-related genes and morphological changes in juvenile shrimp following an immersion of shrimp in Vh suspension. We found that a pathogenic bacterium, Vh, has the capacity to induce a local expression of some immune-related genes in shrimp after such a bacterial immersion. Our results show that in the juvenile gut small changes in expression of the antimicrobial peptide (AMP) genes such as antilipopolysaccharide factor isoform 3, crustin and penaeidin were observed. However some other genes were more strongly induced in their expression compared to the AMP genes. C-type lectin, Tachylectin 5a1 and mucin-like peritrophic membrane were increased in their expression and the C-type lectin was affected most in its expression. Several other examined genes did not change their expression levels. By performing histology studies it was found that Vh infection induced a strong perturbation of the midgut epithelium in some regions. As a consequence, the epithelial cells and basement membrane of the infected site were completely damaged and necrotic and massive hemocyte infiltration occurred underneath the affected tissue to combat the infection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 34, no 1, 19-28 p.
Innate immunity, Shrimp gut, Shrimp intestine, Vibrio harveyi, Antimicrobial peptides, C-type lectin
Research subject Biology with specialization in Comparative Physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-114209DOI: 10.1016/j.dci.2009.07.007ISI: 000272088500003PubMedID: 19646472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-114209DiVA: diva2:293498