Outcome after endovascular revascularization of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis
2009 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 50, no 3, 256-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: With an aging population, more patients might be treated for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS). The goal of this treatment is to achieve a dialysis-free life or a well-controlled blood pressure with reduced risks of cardiovascular complications. PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical outcome of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty without stenting (PTRA) or with stenting (PTRS) for ARAS at one center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 152 patients who underwent 203 PTRA/PTRS. All had hypertension, and 45% had azotemia. A retrospective collection of baseline and postprocedural number of antihypertensive drugs, blood pressure, and serum creatinine were analyzed during a follow-up of 3-18 months. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 95%, and clinical benefit was seen in 63% of patients. Complications included a 30-day mortality rate of 1.5%, a total complication rate of 35%, and major adverse events in 13%. The major adverse events were highly related to azotemia. Major adverse events within 30 days, with permanent disability, were seen in 5% and almost exclusively in patients with moderate or severe renal impairment. A subgroup analysis of 28 patients with renal duplex resistive index (RI) pre-PTRA/S and 6 months' follow-up showed a benefit of PTRA/PTRS in 17 (68%) of the 25 patients with RI <80 and in all three (100%) of the patients with RI >or=80. CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment of ARAS has an excellent technical success rate, with a clinical improvement rate of >60%. However, it is associated with a considerable complication rate. Serious complications are seen mainly in azotemic patients. Predictors of clinical response could not be identified. Renal duplex RI is questioned as a predictor of clinical outcome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 50, no 3, 256-64 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-118812DOI: 10.1080/02841850802668563ISI: 000264220100002PubMedID: 19172426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-118812DiVA: diva2:299519