Geochemical Stratigraphy of Submarine Lavas (3–5 Ma) from the Flamengos Valley, Santiago, Southern Cape Verde Islands
2009 (English)In: Journal of Petrology, ISSN 0022-3530, E-ISSN 1460-2415, Vol. 50, no 1, 169-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
New high-precision Pb–Sr–Nd isotope, major and traceelement and mineral chemistry data are presented for the submarinestage of ocean island volcanism on Santiago, one of the southernislands of the Cape Verde archipelago. Pillow basalts and hyaloclastitesin the Flamengos Valley are divided into three petrographicand compositional groups; the Flamengos Formation lavas (4·6Ma) dominate the sequence, with the younger Low Si and Coastalgroups (2·8 Ma) found near the shoreline. Olivine andclinopyroxene compositions and isotopic data for minerals andtheir host melts indicate disequilibrium between some crystalsand the melt. Intra-sample disequilibrium suggests homogenisationof liquids but eruption before complete equilibration betweencrystals and melt preserves the heterogeneity. Pressures ofcrystallization for clinopyroxene (0·4–1·1GPa) indicate stalling and crystallization of the magmas overa range of depths in the lithosphere. Major element compositionsindicate melting of a carbonated eclogite source. Sr–Nd–Pbisotope data suggest the involvement of FOZO-like and EM1-likecomponents in the mantle source, which are simultaneously availableat all depths in the melting column. The Flamengos Valley lavasdisplay large compositional variations, often between stratigraphicallyadjacent flows; these frequent abrupt changes of magma compositionsuggest stalling and crystallization of discrete magma batcheson transport through the lithosphere.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 50, no 1, 169-193 p.
Cape Verde; crystal–melt disequilibrium; submarine volcanism; source heterogeneity; Pb–Sr–Nd isotopes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-119136DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egn081ISI: 000263424500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-119136DiVA: diva2:299750