Tamoxifen-Induced Adduct Formation and Cell Stress in Human Endometrial Glands
2010 (English)In: Drug Metabolism And Disposition, ISSN 0090-9556, E-ISSN 1521-009X, Vol. 38, no 1, 200-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The beneficial effects of tamoxifen in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer are compromised by an increased risk of endometrial polyps, hyperplasia, and cancer. Tamoxifen is metabolized to an array of metabolites with estrogenic effects but also to reactive intermediates that may form protein and DNA adducts. The aim of this study was to investigate cellular [(3)H]tamoxifen adduct formation by light microscopic autoradiography and cell stress by immunohistochemical analysis of glucose-regulating protein 78 (GRP78), nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), and caspase 3 in human endometrial explants after short-term incubation with tamoxifen. The cellular expression of tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes in human endometrial biopsy samples was also determined by immunohistochemistry. The results showed selective [(3)H]tamoxifen adduct formation in glandular and surface epithelia after incubation with a nontoxic concentration of [(3)H]tamoxifen (6 nM). There was also a selective expression of the endoplasmic reticulum stress chaperone GRP78 and activated caspase 3 at these sites after incubation with cytotoxic concentrations of tamoxifen (10-100 microM). The cell stress was preferentially observed in samples from women in the proliferative menstrual phase. No treatment-related expression of NF-kappaB was observed. Constitutive expression of the tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes CYP1B1, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8/9/19, CYP2D6, and SULT2A1 in glandular and surface epithelia was shown, but there was a large interindividual variation. The colocalization of [(3)H]tamoxifen adducts, expression of GRP78, caspase 3, and tamoxifen-metabolizing enzymes in human glandular and surface epithelia suggest a local bioactivation of tamoxifen at these sites and that epithelial cells are early target sites for tamoxifen-induced cell stress.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 38, no 1, 200-207 p.
Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject Toxicology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-119884DOI: 10.1124/dmd.109.029488ISI: 000272758300023PubMedID: 19812351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-119884DiVA: diva2:301144
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme