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Competing anisotropies in bcc Fe81Ni19/Co(001) superlattices
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
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2009 (English)In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 94, no 7, 073102-073102-3 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Amagnetization reorientation transition has been observed in Fe81Ni19/Co(001) superlattices bymeans of magneto-optical Kerr effect and magnetic force microscopy measurements.The transition is driven by the variation of the interfacedensity. First-principles calculations are combined with a linear stability analysisof the Landau–Lifshitz equation to clarify the mechanism that drivesthe transition. We are able to identify it as beingdriven by competing interface in-plane and uniaxial bulk out-of-plane anisotropies.The origin of the bulk anisotropy is attributed to tetragonaldistortions experimentally observed in these superlattices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 94, no 7, 073102-073102-3 p.
Keyword [en]
Magnetic properties of interfaces, Magnetic anisotropy, Spin waves, Magnetic force microscopy, Magnetooptical effects, Magnetic properties of monolayers and thin films
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-119893DOI: 10.1063/1.3081107ISI: 000263599200058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-119893DiVA: diva2:301215
Available from: 2010-03-02 Created: 2010-03-02 Last updated: 2012-03-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Density Functional Theory Applied to Materials for Spintronics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Density Functional Theory Applied to Materials for Spintronics
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The properties of dilute magnetic semiconductors have been studied by combined ab initio, Monte Carlo, and experimental techniques. This class of materials could be very important for future spintronic devices, that offer enriched functionality by making use of both the spin and the charge of the electrons. The main part of the thesis concerns the transition metal doped ZnO.

The role of defects on the magnetic interactions in Mn-doped ZnO was investigated. In the presence of acceptor defects such as zinc vacancies and oxygen substitution by nitrogen, the magnetic interactions are ferromagnetic. For dilute concentrations of Mn (~ 5%) the ordering temperature of the system is low, due to the short ranged character of the exchange interactions and disorder effects.

The clustering tendency of the Co atoms in a ZnO matrix was also studied. The electronic structure, and in turn the magnetic interactions among the Co atoms, is strongly dependent on the exchange-correlation functional used. It is found that Co impurities tend to form nanoclusters and that the interactions among these atoms are antiferromagnetic within the local spin density approximation + Hubbard U approach.

The electronic structure, as well as the chemical and magnetic interactions in Co and (Co,Al)-doped ZnO, was investigated by joined experimental and theoretical techniques. For a good agreement between the two, approximations beyond the local density approximation must be used. It is found that the Co atoms prefer to cluster within the semiconducting matrix, a tendency which is increased with Al co-doping. We envision that it is best to describe the system as superparamagnetic due to the formation of  Co nanoclusters within which the interactions are antiferromagnetic.

The magnetic anisotropy and evolution of magnetic domains in Fe81Ni19/Co(001) superlattices were investigated both experimentally, as well as using model spin dynamics. A magnetic reorientation transition was found.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 67 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 721
spintronics, dilute magnetic semiconductors, density functional theory, exchange interactions, magnetic percolation, ordering temperature, disorder, electronic structure
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Materials Science
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-119887 (URN)978-91-554-7737-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-04-16, Polhemsalen, 751 20 Uppsala, Ångström Laboratory, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2010-03-26 Created: 2010-03-02 Last updated: 2010-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, OlleHjörvarsson, Björgvin
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