Neuropeptide, mast cell and myofibroblast expression after rabbit deep flexor tendon repair
2010 (English)In: Journal of Hand Surgery-American Volume, ISSN 0363-5023, E-ISSN 1531-6564, Vol. 35, no 11, 1842-1849 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: Increased numbers of myofibroblasts, mast cells, and neuropeptide-containing nerve fibers have been found in a number of fibrotic processes in connective tissues. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of factors implicated in a hypothesized profibrotic neuropeptide-mast cell-myofibroblast pathway in deep flexor tendon healing.
METHODS: In a rabbit model of flexor tendon injury, with repair of the sharply transected deep flexor tendon using a modified Kessler and a running circumferential peripheral suture, segments of flexor tendons and sheaths were analyzed. The time points chosen-3, 6, 21, and 42 days after tendon repair-represent different stages in tendon healing. The messenger RNA levels of transforming growth factor-β1 and α-smooth muscle actin were measured with conventional reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the numbers of myofibroblasts, mast cells, and neuropeptide-containing nerve fibers were determined with immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: The messenger RNA levels for transforming growth factor-β1 and the myofibroblast marker α-smooth muscle actin were significantly increased in deep flexor tendons after injury and repair, at all studied time points, but remained unchanged or even down-regulated in the sheaths. Myofibroblasts, mast cells, and neuropeptide-containing nerve fibers all increased significantly in the healing tendons, exhibiting similar patterns of change in percentages of total cell number over time, reaching levels resembling that of the tendon sheaths with 33% to 50% of the total cell population.
CONCLUSIONS: After injury to the deep flexor tendon in a rabbit model, the proportion of myofibroblasts, mast cells, and neuropeptide-containing nerve fibers increases significantly. These findings support the hypothesis that the profibrotic neuropeptide-mast cell-myofibroblast pathway is activated in deep flexor tendon healing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 35, no 11, 1842-1849 p.
a-SMA, flexor tendon healing, mast cell, myofibroblast, neuropeptide, TGF-β1
Research subject Orthopaedics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-119917DOI: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2010.06.031ISI: 000284031400016PubMedID: 20888142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-119917DiVA: diva2:301335