Polyphonie, constructions conditionnelles et discours rapporté
2009 (French)In: Langue française (Paris. 1969), ISSN 0023-8368, no 164, 97-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The theories of “possible worlds” and of “mental spaces” eclipse, or tend to eclipse, the subject whilst focusing on the representational aspects of the “worlds” and the “spaces”. By contrast, the analysis presented in this paper of predictive content conditionals (Si P, Q) places the subject at the center of the theory and thus enables linking different aspects of the semantics and the interpretation of these constructions, so as to account for the intrinsically polyphonic nature of language. The locutor (LOC), a discourse entity distinct from the speaker as the empirical producer of the utterance, constructs images, coded by these constructions, of himself as utterance locutor (l0) asserting the hypothetical relation which holds between the protasis (p) and the apodosis (q) and as discourse locutor (L) showing his epistemic attitude (“positive” vs. “negative”) towards p and q. The coding of this attitude is underdetermined in several cases, notably when the conditionals are reported in (Free) Indirect Speech in the past, but can be specified by resorting to the epistemic state (“ignorance” vs. “knowledge” of the truth of p and q) of LOC. The epistemic state is inferable from the context and/or the speech situation as well as from the illocutionary act (“threat”, “promise”, “wish”, “regret” etc.) accomplished by uttering the conditional.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Paris: Larousse , 2009. no 164, 97-111 p.
conditionals, epistemic stance, reported speech, polyphony
constructions conditionnelles, attitude épistémique, discours rapporté, polyphonie
Research subject Romance Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120007DOI: 10.3917/lf.164.0097ISI: 000273706300007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120007DiVA: diva2:302147
Engelsk titel i Web of Science: Polyphony, conditional constructions and reported discourse2010-03-042010-03-042015-02-04