Horizontal cell progenitors arrest in G2-phase and undergo terminal mitosis on the vitreal side of the chick retina
2009 (English)In: Developmental Biology, ISSN 0012-1606, E-ISSN 1095-564X, Vol. 330, no 1, 105-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have addressed the question when horizontal cells in the chick retina are generated and undergo their terminal mitosis. Horizontal cell progenitors replicate their DNA early and migrate bi-directionally to the horizontal cell layer. It was hypothesized that the cells undergo mitosis directly after replication and migrate as post-mitotic transition cells before differentiating to horizontal cells. However, our results show that cells expressing markers for the axon-bearing and the axon-less subtypes of horizontal cells undergo terminal mitosis while residing on the vitreal side of the retina. By combining horizontal cell transcription factors Lim1, Isl1 and Prox1 labeling with phospho-histone H3, a marker for mitosis, we demonstrate that all or a clear majority of vitreal mitoses are undertaken by the horizontal cell committed progenitors. The pattern of cells that incorporated the thymidine analogue EdU implied that the progenitors replicated their genome while migrating towards the vitreal side. Upon arrival to the vitreal retina they become arrested for about two days prior to mitosis. Hence, cells expressing horizontal cell markers are arrested in G2-phase on the vitreal side of the retina. These results support the existence of committed progenitors that give rise to horizontal cells and that those cells become arrested in G2-phase before undergoing terminal mitosis on the vitreal side of the retina followed by migration to the horizontal cell layer. The results also indicate that the regulation of the transition from G2-phase to mitosis is important for the development of these committed progenitor cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 330, no 1, 105-113 p.
Cell cycle, Differentiation, Development, EdU, Prox1, Lim1, Stem cell
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120381DOI: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2009.03.013ISI: 000266300800010PubMedID: 19324032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120381DiVA: diva2:303238