Potash in a salt mushroom at Hormoz Island, Hormoz Strait, Iran
2009 (English)In: Ore Geology Reviews, ISSN 0169-1368, Vol. 35, no 3-4, 317-332 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Increasing volumes of potash are currently being discovered in a cluster of diapirs of Hormoz (formerly Hormuz) salt near Bandar Abbas, Iran. Most of the potash beds studied so far occur in complex recumbent folds in a salt mountain that would be difficult to exploit safely. However, Holocene marine erosion removed any salt mountains from a sub-group of near-shore Zagros diapirs and exposed their deeper structural levels. Even though these diapirs are still active, their potash deposits are likely more tractable to safe exploitation than in a salt mountain - as we make clear here for Hormoz Island.
Geochemical surveys on Hormoz Island reveal two separate potash anomalies that are valuable pseudostratigraphic markers. Integrating field measurements of the attitudes of bedding with lineaments on air photos suggests that Hormoz Island consists of a mature bell- or plume-shaped mushroom diapir with potash beds wound around a toroidal axis of rotation near current exposure levels.
2D numerical models simulate the salt mushroom on Hormoz Island and its internal circulation. They also suggest that the diapir has a wide overhand above a narrow stem in this gas-rich region. We use the mushroom diapir model to outline a regional exploration strategy that has the potential of influencing the world potash market thereafter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 35, no 3-4, 317-332 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Earth Science with specialization in Mineral Chemistry, Petrology and Tectonics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120470DOI: 10.1016/j.oregeorev.2008.11.005ISI: 000266762300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120470DiVA: diva2:303402