Growth Factor and Protease Expression during Different Phases of Healing after Rabbit Deep Flexor Tendon Repair
2011 (English)In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, ISSN 0736-0266, E-ISSN 1554-527X, Vol. 29, no 6, 886-892 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of the study was to contribute to the mapping of molecular events during flexor tendon healing, in particular the growth factors insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and nerve growth factor (NGF), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-3 and MMP-13) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases, TIMP-1 and TIMP-3, and the protease cathepsin K. In a rabbit model of flexor tendon injury, the mRNA expression for the growth factors, MMPs and TIMPs were measured in tendon and tendon sheath tissue at several time points (3, 6, 21, and 42 days) representing different phases of the healing process. We found that MMP-13 remained increased during the study period, whereas MMP-3 returned to normal levels within the first week after injury. TIMP-3 was down-regulated in the tendon sheaths. Cathepsin K was up-regulated in tendons and sheaths after injury. NGF was present in both tendons and sheaths, but unaltered. IGF-1 exhibited a late increase in the tendons, while VEGF was down-regulated at the later time points. In conclusion, we have demonstrated the presence of NGF in flexor tendons. MMP-13 expression appears to play a more protracted role in flexor tendon healing than MMP-3. The relatively low levels of endogenous IGF-1 and VEGF mRNA following injury support their potential beneficial role as exogenous modulators to optimize tendon healing and strength without increasing adhesion formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 29, no 6, 886-892 p.
tendon healing, VEGF, IGF-1, NGF, MMP, TIMP
Research subject Orthopaedics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120515DOI: 10.1002/jor.21330ISI: 000290360300015PubMedID: 21246620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120515DiVA: diva2:303474
ProjectsBiomolecular aspects of flexor tendon healing