Development and testing of a new storm runoff routing approach based on time variant spatially distributed travel time method
2009 (English)In: Journal of Hydrology, ISSN 0022-1694, E-ISSN 1879-2707, Vol. 369, no 1-2, 44-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, a GIS based simple and easily performed runoff routing approach based on travel time was developed to simulate storm runoff response process with consideration of spatial and temporal variability of runoff generation and flow routing through hillslope and river network. The watershed was discretized into grid cells, which were then classified into overland cells and channel cells through river network delineation from the DEM by use of GIS. The overland flow travel time of each overland cell was estimated by combining a steady state kinematic wave approximation with Manning’s equation, the channel flow travel time of each channel cell was estimated using Manning’s equation and the steady state continuity equation. The travel time from each grid cell to the watershed outlet is the sum of travel times of cells along the flow path. The direct runoff flow was determined by the sum of the volumetric flow rates from all contributing cells at each respective travel time for all time intervals. The approach was calibrated and verified to simulate eight storm runoff processes of Jiaokou Reservoir watershed, a sub-catchment of the Yongjiang River basin in southeast China using available topography, soil and land use data for the catchment. An average efficiency of 0.88 was obtained for the verification storms. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of the area threshold of delineating river networks and parameter K relating channel velocity calculation on the predicted hydrograph at the basin outlet. The effects of different levels of grid size on the results were also studied, which showed that good results could be attained with a grid size of less than 200 m in this study. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 369, no 1-2, 44-54 p.
Storm runoff, Spatially distributed routing, Geographic information systems, China
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120798DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.02.033ISI: 000266130600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120798DiVA: diva2:304154