Periodicity of sediment load and runoff in the Yangtze River basin and possible impacts of climatic changes and human activities
2008 (English)In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, ISSN 0262-6667, Vol. 53, no 2, 457-465 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Periodicity of the runoff and the sediment load, and possible impacts from human activities and climatic changes, in the Yangtze River basin during 1963-2004 are discussed based oil the monthly sediment and runoff data, and using the wavelet approach. Research results indicated that: (a) Sediment load changes are severely impacted by the different types of human activity (e.g. construction of water reservoirs, deforestation/afforestation); and the runoff variability is the direct result of climatic changes, e.g. the precipitation changes. (b) The impacts of human activity and climatic changes on the sediment load and runoff changes are greater in smaller river basins (e.g. the Jialingjiang River basin) than in larger river basins. The response of sediment load and runoff changes to the impacts of human activities and climatic changes are prompt and prominent in the Jialingjiang River basin relative to those in the mainstem of the Yangtze River basin. (c) Construction of the Three Gorges Dam has already had obvious impacts on the sediment transport process in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin, but shows no obvious influence on the runoff changes. Construction of the Three Gorges Dam will result in further re-adjustment of the scouring/filling process within the river channel in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin, and have corresponding effects on the altered sediment load because of the Dam’s operation for the river channel, ecology, Sustainable social economy and even the development of the Yangtze Delta. This will be of concern to local governments and policy makers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 53, no 2, 457-465 p.
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120810DOI: 10.1623/hysj.53.2.457OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120810DiVA: diva2:304327
Chongyu Xu har adress Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo på artikeln2010-03-172010-03-162010-07-07Bibliographically approved