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Periodicity of sediment load and runoff in the Yangtze River basin and possible impacts of climatic changes and human activities
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2008 (English)In: Hydrological Sciences Journal, ISSN 0262-6667, E-ISSN 2150-3435, Vol. 53, no 2, 457-465 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Periodicity of the runoff and the sediment load, and possible impacts from human activities and climatic changes, in the Yangtze River basin during 1963-2004 are discussed based oil the monthly sediment and runoff data, and using the wavelet approach. Research results indicated that: (a) Sediment load changes are severely impacted by the different types of human activity (e.g. construction of water reservoirs, deforestation/afforestation); and the runoff variability is the direct result of climatic changes, e.g. the precipitation changes. (b) The impacts of human activity and climatic changes on the sediment load and runoff changes are greater in smaller river basins (e.g. the Jialingjiang River basin) than in larger river basins. The response of sediment load and runoff changes to the impacts of human activities and climatic changes are prompt and prominent in the Jialingjiang River basin relative to those in the mainstem of the Yangtze River basin. (c) Construction of the Three Gorges Dam has already had obvious impacts on the sediment transport process in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin, but shows no obvious influence on the runoff changes. Construction of the Three Gorges Dam will result in further re-adjustment of the scouring/filling process within the river channel in the middle and lower Yangtze River basin, and have corresponding effects on the altered sediment load because of the Dam’s operation for the river channel, ecology, Sustainable social economy and even the development of the Yangtze Delta. This will be of concern to local governments and policy makers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 53, no 2, 457-465 p.
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120810DOI: 10.1623/hysj.53.2.457OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-120810DiVA: diva2:304327
Note
Chongyu Xu har adress Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo på artikelnAvailable from: 2010-03-17 Created: 2010-03-16 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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