Tailored skills training for practitioners to enhance assessment of prognostic factors for persistent and disabling back pain: Four quasi-experimental single subject studies
2012 (English)In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 28, no 5, 359-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The well-known gap between guidelines and behaviour in clinical practice calls for effective behaviour change interventions. One example showing this gap is physiotherapists' insufficient assessment of psychosocial prognostic factors in back pain (i.e., yellow flags). The present study aimed to evaluate an educational model by performing a tailored skills training intervention for caregivers and studying changes over time in physiotherapists' assessment of prognostic factors in telephone consultations. A quasi-experimental single-subject design over 36 weeks was used, with repeated measurements during baseline, intervention, and postintervention phases. Four physiotherapists in primary health care audiorecorded a total of 63 consultations with patients. The tailored intervention included individual goal setting, skills training, and feedback on performance. The primary outcome was the number of assessed prognostic factors (0–10). Changes were seen in all four participants. The amount of assessed prognostic factors increased from between 0 and 2 at baseline to between 6 and 10 at postintervention. Time spent on assessment of psychosocial factors increased, and time spent on discussions about biomedical pain symptoms decreased. Knowledge and biopsychosocial attitudes toward back pain were congruent with guidelines at inclusion and did not change markedly during the intervention. Self-efficacy for assessment of cognitive and emotional prognostic factors increased during the study phases. The results suggest that a tailored skills training intervention using behaviour change techniques, such as individual goal setting, skills training, and feedback on performance, is effective in producing change in specific clinical behaviours in physiotherapists.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 28, no 5, 359-372 p.
Physical therapy, behavioural medicine, back pain, prognostic factors, screening, implementation, caregiver
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Caring Sciences in Social Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121422DOI: 10.3109/09593985.2011.629022PubMedID: 22145578OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-121422DiVA: diva2:305274