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Presence of CpG DNA and the local cytokine milieu determine the efficacy of suppressive DNA vaccination in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences. (Lobell / Kämpe)
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1999 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 163, no 9, 4754-4762 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We here study the adjuvant properties of immunostimulatory DNA sequences (ISS) and coinjected cytokine-coding cDNA in suppressive vaccination with DNA encoding an autoantigenic peptide, myelin basic protein peptide 68-85, against Lewis rat experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). EAE is an autoaggressive, T1-mediated disease of the CNS. ISS are unmethylated CpG motifs found in bacterial DNA, which can induce production of type 1 cytokines in vertebrates through the innate immune system. Because ISS in the plasmid backbone are necessary for efficient DNA vaccination, we studied the effect of one such ISS, the 5'-AACGTT-3' motif, in our system. Treatment with a DNA vaccine encoding myelin basic protein peptide 68-85 and containing three ISS of 5'-AACGTT-3' sequence suppressed clinical signs of EAE, while a corresponding DNA vaccine without such ISS had no effect. We further observed reduced proliferative T cell responses in rats treated with the ISS-containing DNA vaccine, compared with controls. We also studied the possible impact of coinjection of plasmid DNA encoding rat cytokines IL-4, IL-10, GM-CSF, and TNF-alpha with the ISS-containing DNA vaccine. Coinjection of IL-4-, IL-10-, or TNF-alpha-coding cDNA inhibited the suppressive effect of the DNA vaccine on EAE, whereas GM-CSF-coding cDNA had no effect. Coinjection of cytokine-coding cDNA with the ISS-deficient DNA vaccine failed to alter clinical signs of EAE. We conclude that the presence of ISS and induction of a local T1 cytokine milieu is decisive for specific protective DNA vaccination in EAE.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 163, no 9, 4754-4762 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-121541PubMedID: 10528174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-121541DiVA: diva2:305675
Available from: 2010-03-24 Created: 2010-03-24 Last updated: 2010-05-25Bibliographically approved

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