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Reporting Rape: Experiences of Rape Victims and Supporters of Barriers Created in the Informal Networks in Dar es Salaam
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). (International Maternal and Reproductive Health)
Umeå University,Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Dept of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). (International Maternal and Reproductive Health)
Umeå University,Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Dept of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.
2011 (English)In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

To understand the barriers rape victims and their supporters face from their informal networks while disclosing rape events in Tanzania, 30 in-depth interviews with victims and supporters were conducted. We found, that decisions to disclose rape events were influenced at the individual, family, and community levels. The overall theme, ‘normative justification of rape’ indicated wider societal beliefs and attitudes through all levels. The categories ‘internalizing shame and fearing the consequences’, ‘defending family integrity’, ‘reconciling role of the elders’, and ‘marginalizing victims and supporters’ captured the impact the identified normative justification of rape had on specific levels. The possible consequences and implications for interventions are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Rape, Disclosure, Barrier, Victim, Supporter, informal network, Tanzania
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-122237DiVA: diva2:309653
Note
The authors gratefully acknowledge the cooperation of the participants, and those who assisted in one way or the other, at the women help centers in Dar es Salaam and in rural Temeke. This work was funded by the Swedish Inter-national Development Cooperation Agency, Department for Research Coop-eration (Sida/SAREC); and the Umeå Centre for Global Health Research, with support from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Re-search [grant no. 2006-1512].Available from: 2010-04-07 Created: 2010-04-07 Last updated: 2011-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Rape against Women in Tanzania: Studies of Social Reactions and Barriers to Disclosure
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rape against Women in Tanzania: Studies of Social Reactions and Barriers to Disclosure
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis assessed responses toward rape against women as experienced by the victims and victim supporters in the context of the interaction between victims, supporters, and formal agencies in Tanzania. The overall research design was based on triangulation with a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. A semi-qualitative study, in which free listings and semi-structured questionnaires were used, explored social reactions from 44 community nurses and 50 rape victims (Paper I). A tool developed from this first study was utilized for collecting data on people’s attitudes and their behavior toward rape and rape victims from a representative community sample of 1505 men and women aged 18-65 years (Paper II). Both studies helped to access suitable rape victims and supporters who participated in the third study to share experiences on the process of rape disclosure to formal and informal social networks (Papers III and IV). The results highlighted the salient social reactions and how rape victims perceived the impact of these reactions. Half of the participants interpreted rape situations based on social relationships, circumstances, and social status of the woman, rather than the legal definition. Two-thirds of the adults explained they would express negative social reactions toward a victim in some rape scenarios, and this correlated with their attitudes towards rape and rape victims. A variety of barriers in the informal and formal networks with potentially negative impacts on rape reporting, service utilization and, health outcomes were identified. In conclusion, successful interventions aimed at improving people’s response to rape, rape disclosure and, health outcomes in Tanzania should assume a holistic approach to address the negative factors identified at the individual, family and, community levels without forgetting the normative context that appears to underlie most decisions and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 55 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 554
Keyword
Rape, women, victim, supporter, social reaction, social network, community, Tanzania
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122250 (URN)978-91-554-7788-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-05-25, Rosensalen, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-04-29 Created: 2010-04-07 Last updated: 2010-05-18

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