Pressurized Hot Water Extraction of anthocyanins from red onion: A study on extraction and degradation rates
2010 (English)In: Analytica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0003-2670, E-ISSN 1873-4324, Vol. 663, no 1, 27-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pressurized Hot Water Extraction (PHWE) is a quick, efficient and environmentally friendly technique for extractions. However, when using PHWE to extract thermally unstable analytes, extraction and degradation effects occur at the same time, and thereby compete. At first, the extraction effect dominates, but degradation effects soon take over. In this paper, extraction and degradation rates of anthocyanins from red onion were studied with experiments in a static batch reactor at 110 °C. A total extraction curve was calculated with data from the actual extraction and degradation curves, showing that more anthocyanins, 21–36% depending on the species, could be extracted if no degradation occurred, but then longer extraction times would be required than those needed to reach the peak level in the apparent extraction curves. The results give information about the different kinetic processes competing during an extraction procedure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 663, no 1, 27-32 p.
Anthocyanins, Subcritical water extraction, Degradation, Rates, Red onion
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122407DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2010.01.023ISI: 000275580500005PubMedID: 20172092OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-122407DiVA: diva2:310031