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Cardiorespiratory effects of spontaneous breathing in two different models of experimental lung injury: a randomized controlled trial
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2008 (English)In: Critical Care, ISSN 1364-8535, E-ISSN 1466-609X, Vol. 12, no 6, R135- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Acute lung injury (ALI) can result from various insults to the pulmonary tissue. Experimental and clinical data suggest that spontaneous breathing (SB) during pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) in ALI results in better lung aeration and improved oxygenation. Our objective was to evaluate whether the addition of SB has different effects in two different models of ALI. METHODS: Forty-four pigs were randomly assigned to ALI resulting either from hydrochloric acid aspiration (HCl-ALI) or from increased intra-abdominal pressure plus intravenous oleic acid injections (OA-ALI) and were ventilated in PCV mode either with SB (PCV + SB) or without SB (PCV - SB). Cardiorespiratory variables were measured at baseline after induction of ALI and after 4 hours of treatment (PCV + SB or PCV - SB). Finally, density distributions and end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) were assessed by thoracic spiral computed tomography. RESULTS: PCV + SB improved arterial partial pressure of oxygen/inspiratory fraction of oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) by a reduction in intrapulmonary shunt fraction in HCl-ALI from 27% +/- 6% to 23% +/- 13% and in OA-ALI from 33% +/- 19% to 26% +/- 18%, whereas during PCV - SB PaO2/FiO2 deteriorated and shunt fraction increased in the HCl group from 28% +/- 8% to 37% +/- 17% and in the OA group from 32% +/- 12% to 47% +/- 17% (P < 0.05 for interaction time and treatment, but not ALI type). PCV + SB also resulted in higher EELV (HCl-ALI: 606 +/- 171 mL, OA-ALI: 439 +/- 90 mL) as compared with PCV - SB (HCl-ALI: 372 +/- 130 mL, OA-ALI: 192 +/- 51 mL, with P < 0.05 for interaction of time, treatment, and ALI type). CONCLUSIONS: SB improves oxygenation, reduces shunt fraction, and increases EELV in both models of ALI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 12, no 6, R135- p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-102795DOI: 10.1186/cc7108ISI: 000263949200002PubMedID: 18980696OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-102795DiVA: diva2:310746
Available from: 2010-04-15 Created: 2009-05-12 Last updated: 2012-03-07Bibliographically approved

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