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Eating and shift work: effects on habits, metabolism and performance
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
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2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, Vol. 36, no 2, 150-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compared to individuals who work during the day, shift workers are at higher risk of a range of metabolic disorders and diseases (eg, obesity, cardiovascular disease, peptic ulcers, gastrointestinal problems, failure to control blood sugar levels, and metabolic syndrome). At least some of these complaints may be linked to the quality of the diet and irregular timing of eating, however other factors that affect metabolism are likely to play a part, including psychosocial stress, disrupted circadian rhythms, sleep debt, physical inactivity, and insufficient time for rest and revitalization. In this overview, we examine studies on food and nutrition among shift workers [ie, dietary assessment (designs, methods, variables) and the factors that might influence eating habits and metabolic parameters]. The discussion focuses on the quality of existing dietary assessment data, nutritional status parameters (particularly in obesity), the effect of circadian disruptions, and the possible implications for performance at work. We conclude with some dietary guidelines as a basis for managing the nutrition of shift workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 36, no 2, 150-162 p.
Keyword [en]
diet, food, meal pattern, nocturnal eating, night work, night eating, nutrition
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122808ISI: 000275078800008PubMedID: 20143038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-122808DiVA: diva2:311097
Available from: 2010-04-20 Created: 2010-04-20 Last updated: 2011-03-22Bibliographically approved

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