Improved care of patients with small cell lung cancer. Nutritional and quality of life aspects.
1992 (English)In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 31, no 8, 823-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A comprehensive cancer care project was carried out in Uppsala with the aim of improving the overall situation for patients treated with intensive chemotherapy with curative intent. This report gives the results in 58 patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC), focusing on the nutritional aspects of the care and chemotherapy-related adverse effects. Responses, survival and simple nutritional parameters were compared with a historical control group (n = 81), and quality-of-life parameters with a pre-project group (n = 22). Groups were comparable with respect to pre-treatment characteristics. In contrast to the historical control group, weight, body mass index and S-albumin did not decrease during treatment in patients diagnosed during the project period. Yet, food intake in the study group was low, and for most patients below what is recommended. Survival, proportion of responses and response duration did not differ from those of the control group. Compared with the pre-project quality-of-life controls, a number of scores were more favourable for study patients (n = 36) interviewed in association with the 8th treatment course by a Swedish version of the Cancer Inventory of Problem Situations (CIPS). The global score was lower in the study group than in the pre-project group (0.80 vs 1.20, p < 0.001). Significant differences in a favourable direction were also seen in several higher order factors and miscellaneous subscales constituting the CIPS. On individual items, the study group expressed less problems with appetite/food taste in hospital, nervousness before chemotherapy and worry about adverse effects. The greatest differences in positive direction for the study group were seen within areas where the project focused on caring activities. We therefore conclude that a cancer care project with the present goals and means of intervention can improve the quality of life in patients with SCLC treated with intensive chemotherapy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1992. Vol. 31, no 8, 823-31 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-122910PubMedID: 1337831OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-122910DiVA: diva2:311344