Molecular design of chitosan gene delivery systems with an optimized balance between polyplex stability and polyplex unpacking
2010 (English)In: Biomaterials, ISSN 0142-9612, E-ISSN 1878-5905, Vol. 31, no 5, 975-987 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chitosan is an attractive gene delivery vehicle, but the criteria and strategies for the design of efficient chitosan gene delivery systems remain unclear. The purpose of this work was to investigate how the strength of the charge-based interaction between chitosan and DNA determines the gene expression levels and to design chitosan vectors with an optimized balance between polyplex stability and polyplex unpacking. Using 21 formulations based on low molecular weight chitosans with constant charge density and a number-average degree of polymerization (DPn) in the range of 21-88 (M(w) 4.7-33kDa), we studied the relationship between the chain length and the formulation properties, cellular uptake of polyplexes and gene transfer efficacy. We were able to identify a narrow interval of DPn31-42 that mediated the maximum level of transgene expression. An increase in chain length and/or the amino-phosphate (A/P) ratio reduced and delayed transgene expression. Compared to DPn31, transfection with the same amount of DPn72 or DPn88 resulted in 10-fold-lower expression levels. The gene transfer pattern correlated with the ability of heparin to release DNA from the polyplexes. As a tool to facilitate the unpacking of the polyplexes, we substituted the chitosans with uncharged oligosaccharides that reduced the interaction with DNA. The substitution of chitosans that originally yielded too stable polyplexes, such as DPn72 and DPn88 resulted in a 5-10-fold enhancement of the expression levels. However, the substitution of chitosans shorter than DP28 completely abolished transfection. Tailoring of the chain length and the substitution of chitosan were shown to be feasible tools to modulate the electrostatic interactions between the chitosan and DNA and to design chitosans with an optimized balance between polyplex stability and polyplex unpacking.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 31, no 5, 975-987 p.
Chitosan, Gene transfer, Nanoparticles, DNA
Natural Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123111DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.09.102ISI: 000273946100023PubMedID: 19857892OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123111DiVA: diva2:312390