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On spacetime rotation invariance, spin-charge separation and SU (2) Yang–Mills theory
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Theoretical Physics.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, ISSN 0305-4470, E-ISSN 1361-6447, Vol. 42, no 32, 322001- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previously, it has been shown that in a spin-charge separated SU(2) Yang– Mills theory, (Euclidean) spacetime rotation invariance can be broken by an infinitesimal 1-cocycle that appears in the S O(4) boosts. Here we study in detail the structure of this 1-cocycle. In particular, we show that its non- triviality relates to the presence of a (Dirac) magnetic monopole bundle. We also compute the finite version of the cocycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP PUBLISHING , 2009. Vol. 42, no 32, 322001- p.
Keyword [en]
Spin-Charge Separation, Yang-Mills, Lorentz transformation, Hopf bundle
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Theoretical Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123146DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/42/32/322001ISI: 000268342600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123146DiVA: diva2:312490
Available from: 2010-04-26 Created: 2010-04-25 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Yang-Mills Theory in Gauge-Invariant Variables and Geometric Formulation of Quantum Field Theories
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Yang-Mills Theory in Gauge-Invariant Variables and Geometric Formulation of Quantum Field Theories
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Part I we are dealing with effective description of Yang-Mills theories based on gauge-invarint variables. For pure Yang-Mills we study the spin-charge separation varibles. The dynamics in these variables resembles the Skyrme-Faddeev model. Thus the spin-charge separation is an important intermediate step between the fundamental Yang-Mills theory and the low-energy effective models, used to model the low-energy dynamics of gluons. Similar methods may be useful for describing the Electroweak sector of the Standard Model in terms of gauge-invariant field variables called supercurrents.

We study the geometric structure of spin-charge separation in 4D Euclidean space (paper III) and elaborate onconnection with gravity toy model. Such reinterpretation gives a way to see how effective flat background metric is created in toy gravity model by studying the appearance of dimension-2 condensate in the Yang-Mills (paper IV). For Electroweak theory we derive the effective gauge-invariant Lagrangian by doing the Kaluza-Klein reduction of higher-dimensional gravity with 3-brane, thus making explicit the geometric interpretation for gauge-invariant supercurrents. The analogy is then made more precise in the framework of exact supergravity solutions. Thus, we interpret the Higgs effect as spontaneous breaking of Kaluza-Klein gauge symmetry and this leads to interpretation of Higgs field as a dilaton (papers I and II).

In Part II of the thesis we study rather simple field theories, called “geometric” or “instantonic”. Their defining property is exact localization on finite-dimensional spaces – the moduli spaces of instantons. These theories allow to account exactly for non-linearity of space of fields, in this respect they go beyond the standard Gaussian perturbation theory.

In paper V we show how to construct a geometric theory of chiral boson by embedding it into the geometric field theory. In Paper VI we elaborate on the simplest geometric field theory – the supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics and construct new non-perturbative topological observables that have a transparent meaning both in geometric and in the Hamiltonian formalisms. In Paper VII we are motivated by making perturbations away from the simple instantonic limit. For that we need to carefully define the observables that are quadratic in momenta and develop the way to compute them in geometric framework. These correspond geometrically to bivector fields (or, in general, the polyvector fields). We investigate the local limit of polyvector fields and compare the geometric calculation with free-field approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, 2010. 93 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 761
Keyword
Yang-Mills theory, spin-charge separation, Kaluza-Klein theory, branes, curved beta-gamma systems
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Theoretical Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-129670 (URN)978-91-554-7873-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-10-11, Häggsalen, Ångström lab, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-09-16 Created: 2010-08-22 Last updated: 2011-03-08

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Slizovskiy, Sergey

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