Type I interferon system activation and association with disease manifestations in systemic sclerosis
2010 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 69, no 7, 1396-1402 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: To study the presence of interferogenic autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) and their correlation with clinical manifestations, serum levels of interferon alpha (IFNalpha) and chemokines of importance in the disease process. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or purified plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) from healthy donors were stimulated with sera from patients with SSc (n=70) or healthy individuals (n=30), together with necrotic or apoptotic cell material. The IFNalpha produced and serum levels of IFNalpha, IFN-inducible protein-10 (IP-10)/chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/(C-C motif) ligand-2 (CCL-2), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha)/CCL-3 and RANTES/CCL-5 were measured and correlated with the presence of autoantibodies and clinical manifestations in the patients with SSc. RESULTS: Sera from both diffuse SSc and limited SSc contained interferogenic antibodies, which correlated with the presence of anti-ribonucleoprotein and anti-Sjögren syndrome antigen autoantibodies. The pDCs were responsible for the IFNalpha production which required interaction with FcgammaRII and endocytosis. Increased serum levels of IP-10 were associated with vascular manifestations such as cardiac involvement (p=0.027) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (p=0.036). Increased MCP-1 or IFNalpha serum levels were associated with lung fibrosis (p=0.019 and 0.048, respectively). Digital ulcers including digital loss were associated with increased serum levels of IFNalpha (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: An activated type I IFN system previously seen in several other systemic autoimmune diseases is also present in SSc and may contribute to the vascular pathology and affect the profibrotic process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 69, no 7, 1396-1402 p.
interferon, systemic sclerosis, autoantibodies
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123475DOI: 10.1136/ard.2009.121400ISI: 000279667000030PubMedID: 20472592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123475DiVA: diva2:314370