Trends in the prevalence and incidence of diabetes in the UK: 1996-2005
2009 (English)In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 63, no 4, 332-336 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: To estimate the incidence and prevalence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the UK general population from 1996 to 2005. METHODS: Using the Health Improvement Network database, patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes were identified who were 10-79 years old between 1996 and 2005. Prevalent cases (n = 49 999) were separated from incident cases (n = 42 642; type 1 = 1256, type 2 = 41 386). Data were collected on treatment patterns in incident cases, and on body mass index in prevalent and incident cases. RESULTS: Diabetes prevalence increased from 2.8% in 1996 to 4.3% in 2005. The incidence of diabetes in the UK increased from 2.71 (2.58-2.85)/1000 person-years in 1996 to 4.42 (4.32-4.53)/1000 person-years in 2005. The incidence of type 1 diabetes remained relatively constant throughout the study period; however, the incidence of type 2 diabetes increased from 2.60 (2.47-2.74)/1000 person-years in 1996 to 4.31 (4.21-4.42)/1000 person-years in 2005. Between 1996 and 2005, the proportion of individuals newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who were obese increased from 46% to 56%. Treatment with metformin increased across the study period, while treatment with sulphonylureas decreased. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes have increased in the UK over the past decade. This might be primarily explained by the changes in obesity prevalence. Also, there was a change in drug treatment pattern from sulphonylureas to metformin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 63, no 4, 332-336 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123630DOI: 10.1136/jech.2008.080382ISI: 000264307100015PubMedID: 19240084OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123630DiVA: diva2:315151