Food choices and coronary heart disease: a population based cohort study of rural Swedish men with 12 years of follow-up
2009 (English)In: International journal of environmental research and public health, ISSN 1661-7827, Vol. 6, no 10, 2626-2638 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Coronary heart disease is associated with diet. Nutritional recommendations are frequently provided, but few long term studies on the effect of food choices on heart disease are available. We followed coronary heart disease morbidity and mortality in a cohort of rural men (N = 1,752) participating in a prospective observational study. Dietary choices were assessed at baseline with a 15-item food questionnaire. 138 men were hospitalized or deceased owing to coronary heart disease during the 12 year follow-up. Daily intake of fruit and vegetables was associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease when combined with a high dairy fat consumption (odds ratio 0.39, 95% CI 0.21-0.73), but not when combined with a low dairy fat consumption (odds ratio 1.70, 95% CI 0.97-2.98). Choosing wholemeal bread or eating fish at least twice a week showed no association with the outcome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 6, no 10, 2626-2638 p.
cardiovascular disease, diet, nutrition, fruit and vegetables, dairy fat, prospective cohort study, farmers, Nordic nutritional recommendations
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123632DOI: 10.3390/ijerph6102626ISI: 000271276200008PubMedID: 20054459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123632DiVA: diva2:315184