uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Coffee consumption and mortality after acute myocardial infarction: the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2009 (English)In: American Heart Journal, ISSN 0002-8703, E-ISSN 1097-6744, Vol. 157, no 3, 495-501 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Cohort studies have suggested little effect of coffee consumption on risk of acute myocardial infarction. The effect of coffee consumption on prognosis after myocardial infarction is uncertain.


In a population-based inception cohort study, we followed 1,369 patients hospitalized with a confirmed first acute myocardial infarction between 1992 and 1994 in Stockholm County, Sweden, as part of the Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program. Participants reported usual coffee consumption over the preceding year with a standardized questionnaire distributed during hospitalization and underwent a health examination 3 months after discharge. Participants were followed for hospitalizations and mortality with national registers through November 2001.


A total of 289 patients died during follow-up. Compared with intake of <1 cup per day, coffee consumption was inversely associated with mortality, with multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of 0.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.45-1.02) for 1 to <3 cups, 0.56 (95% CI 0.37-0.85) for 3 to <5 cups, 0.52 (95% CI 0.34-0.83) for 5 to <7 cups, and 0.58 (95% CI 0.34-0.98) for > or =7 cups per day (P trend .06). Coffee intake was not associated with hospitalization for congestive heart failure or stroke. Candidate lipid and inflammatory biomarkers did not appear to account for the observed inverse association with mortality.


Self-reported coffee consumption at the time of hospitalization for myocardial infarction was inversely associated with subsequent postinfarction mortality in this population with broad coffee intake. If confirmed in other settings, identification of relevant mechanisms could lead to an improved prognosis for survivors of acute myocardial infarction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 157, no 3, 495-501 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123693DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.11.009ISI: 000264214700014PubMedID: 19249420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-123693DiVA: diva2:315320
Available from: 2010-04-29 Created: 2010-04-29 Last updated: 2012-07-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hallqvist, Johan
In the same journal
American Heart Journal
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 160 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link