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Adherence to a traditional lifestyle affects food and nutrient intake among modern Swedish Sami
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
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2009 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, Vol. 68, no 4, 372-385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the nutrient and food intake of Sami still engaged in reindeer herding (traditional lifestyle or reindeer-herding Sami [RS]) and Sami not involved in reindeer herding (industrialized lifestyle or non-reindeer-herding Sami [NRS]) with other northern Swedish populations.

STUDY DESIGN:

Cross-sectional analysis of data from a prospective cardiovascular intervention program in northern Sweden.

METHODS:

Data were used from a prospective cardiovascular intervention program in northern Sweden. Sami recruited into this study were divided according to whether they were involved in reindeer herding (traditional lifestyle, RS) (66 females, 79 males) or not (NRS) (255 females, 195 males), and compared to non-Sami from the same area taking part in the same study (controls) (499 females, 501 males). Subjects completed a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and clinical parameters were analysed.

RESULTS:

RS had a higher overall intake of energy for both females (P<0.01) and males (P<0.05), but not total food intake compared to controls and NRS. The overall Sami diet was characterized by a higher proportion of energy from protein and fat. RS had a lower energy adjusted intake of vitamins A and E, and fibre, and higher intake of sodium. RS and NRS both had a lower intake of vegetables and a higher intake of meat, and for RS, fish. Nutrient and food-intake patterns were similar for males and females.

CONCLUSIONS:

Classification of Sami into RS and NRS indicates that a traditional lifestyles defined by occupation is reflected in differences in food and nutrient intake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 68, no 4, 372-385 p.
Keyword [en]
Sami, traditional diet, dietary intake, reindeer herding
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124405ISI: 000271099600008PubMedID: 19917189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124405DiVA: diva2:317522
Available from: 2010-05-04 Created: 2010-05-04 Last updated: 2012-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, ÅsaGyllensten, Ulf

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