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Duodenal acidity "sensing" but not epithelial HCO3- supply is critically dependent on carbonic anhydrase II expression
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiology.
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2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 106, no 31, 13094-13099 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is strongly expressed in the duodenum and has been implicated in a variety of physiological functions including enterocyte HCO(3)(-) supply for secretion and the "sensing" of luminal acid and CO(2). Here, we report the physiological role of the intracellular CAII isoform involvement in acid-, PGE(2,) and forskolin-induced murine duodenal bicarbonate secretion (DBS) in vivo. CAII-deficient and WT littermates were studied in vivo during isoflurane anesthesia. An approximate 10-mm segment of the proximal duodenum with intact blood supply was perfused under different experimental conditions and DBS was titrated by pH immediately. Two-photon confocal microscopy using the pH-sensitive dye SNARF-1F was used to assess duodenocyte pH(i) in vivo. After correction of systemic acidosis by infusion of isotonic Na(2)CO(3), basal DBS was not significantly different in CAII-deficient mice and WT littermates. The duodenal bicarbonate secretory response to acid was almost abolished in CAII-deficient mice, but normal to forskolin- or 16,16-dimethyl PGE(2) stimulation. The complete inhibition of tissue CAs by luminal methazolamide and i.v. acetazolamide completely blocked the response to acid, but did not significantly alter the response to forskolin. While duodenocytes acidified upon luminal perfusion with acid, no significant pH(i) change occurred in CAII-deficient duodenum in vivo. The results suggest that CA II is important for duodenocyte acidification by low luminal pH and for eliciting the acid-mediated HCO(3)(-) secretory response, but is not important in the generation of the secreted HCO(3)(-) ions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 106, no 31, 13094-13099 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124589DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0901488106PubMedID: 19622732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124589DiVA: diva2:317720
Available from: 2010-05-05 Created: 2010-05-05 Last updated: 2016-04-08

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