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Effect of monomeric and polymeric co-solutes on cetyltrimethylammonium bromide wormlike micelles: Rheology, Cryo-TEM and Small-angle neutron scattering
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 345, no 2, 351-359 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of hydrophobic and hydrophilic co-solutes on the theological properties of wormlike micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium salicylate (NaSal) or sodium bromide (NaBr) was investigated. Monomeric (ethanol, 2-propanol, benzene and benzylic alcohol) and polymeric species (poly(ethylene oxide), poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(propylene oxide), respectively PEO, PVA and PPO) of varying molecular weight were studied in order to assess the effect of co-solute 'length' on the interactions with the wormlike micelles. Rheological properties were characterised by the plateau modulus G(0) and the relaxation time tau(R) obtained from fits to the Maxwell model, and by the zero-shear viscosity eta(0). The rheological properties were unaltered by the addition of all hydrophilic solutes (up to 20 mM). With hydrophobic co-solutes instead, both eta(0) and tau(R) decreased considerably, while Go was unaffected. The effects were particularly remarkable with PPO for concentrations as low as 5 mM (ca. 0.3 g L-1), and tau(R) was seen to follow an exponential decrease with polymer M-w. The effect of the aromatic solutes (benzene and benzyl alcohol) on the rheology was highly dependent on the counterions used to induce micellar growth (Sal(-) or Br-), revealing a different type of interaction. Surprisingly, small-angle neutron scattering and Cryo-TEM measurements showed that the drastic changes observed in the rheology were not correlated to any visible structural change. Therefore the strong decrease in viscosity and relaxation time are to be attributed to other mechanisms than micellar break-up or rod-to-sphere transition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2010. Vol. 345, no 2, 351-359 p.
Keyword [en]
Wormlike micelles, CTAB/NaSal, Additives, Viscoelastic properties, Phantom model
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124597DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2010.01.086ISI: 000276729200033PubMedID: 20181353OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124597DiVA: diva2:317744
Available from: 2010-05-05 Created: 2010-05-05 Last updated: 2011-03-22Bibliographically approved

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