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Asymmetrical dimethylarginine is associated with renal and cardiovascular outcomes and all-cause mortality in renal transplant recipients
(Renal Medicine Research Group)
(Renal Medicine Research Group)
(Renal Medicine Research Group)
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2010 (English)In: Kidney International, ISSN 0085-2538, E-ISSN 1523-1755, Vol. 77, no 1, 44-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increased plasma levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with endothelial dysfunction and predict the progression to dialysis and death in patients with chronic kidney disease. The effects of these increased ADMA levels in renal transplant recipients, however, are unknown. We used the data from ALERT, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of fluvastatin on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in 2102 renal transplant recipients with stable graft function on enrollment. Patients who were initially randomized to fluvastatin or placebo in the 5- to 6-year trial were offered open-label fluvastatin in a 2-year extension of the original study. After adjustment for baseline values for established factors in this post hoc analysis, ADMA was found to be a significant risk factor for graft failure or doubling of serum creatinine (hazard ratio 2.78), major cardiac events (hazard ratio 2.61), cerebrovascular events (hazard ratio 6.63), and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 4.87). In this trial extension, the number of end points increased with increasing quartiles of plasma ADMA levels. All end points were significantly increased in the fourth compared to the first quartile. Our study shows that elevated plasma levels of ADMA are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and the deterioration of graft function in renal transplant recipients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 77, no 1, 44-50 p.
Keyword [en]
Dimethylarginine - major cardiac events in renal transplant
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124608DOI: 10.1038/ki.2009.382ISI: 000272701900008PubMedID: 19847152OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124608DiVA: diva2:317751
Available from: 2010-05-05 Created: 2010-05-05 Last updated: 2010-12-03Bibliographically approved

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