Patient participation during hospitalization for myocardial infarction: perceptions among patients and personnel
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3, 482-489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Patient participation in healthcare decision-making and illness management has been associated with high patient satisfaction ratings and improved treatment outcomes in chronic diseases. Less is known about patient participation in acute illness, such as myocardial infarction (MI).
To explore and describe patient and personnel perceptions of patient participation in care processes and decision-making during hospitalization for MI.
A descriptive qualitative design was used. Five thematic focus group interviews were carried out (n = 25), two with patients and three with personnel, at three Swedish hospitals in 2005. Two researchers were present during the interviews; one as facilitator and one responsible for documentation. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed through a thematic stepwise method.
Five themes emerged from the interviews: the meaning of patient participation, positive outcomes, difficult situations, hindrances and facilitating factors. A shared basic assumption in all groups was that patient participation is valuable and desirable in the patient-doctor/nurse encounter in MI care. However, both staff and patients viewed patient participation primarily as information. Active involvement in medical decision-making was less emphasized. Participation was judged as especially difficult to achieve during the initial, emergency phase of MI, although the informants also stressed the need for information in this phase. Positive outcomes of patient participation mentioned were that the patient may feel more secure if involved and that he/she might be more committed to the recovery process. Hindrances were lack of time, staff and, in patients, medical knowledge. Patient characteristics could also influence the level of participation.
If patient participation is to be achieved in all phases of MI care, patients need to be made aware of their right to participate. Health care professionals need to develop appropriate communication skills for each phase of the MI patient's hospitalization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 3, 482-489 p.
focus group interviews, hospitalization, myocardial infarction, patient participation, perceptions, Sweden
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Bioethics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124692DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2009.00738.xISI: 000281000800008PubMedID: 20230518OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124692DiVA: diva2:317888