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Gender differences in patient perceptions of involvement in myocardial infarction care
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Social Medicine.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7173-4333
2009 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 8, no 3, 174-181 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Gender differences in the clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes of myocardial infarction (MI) have been demonstrated. However, few studies have examined gender differences in patients' perceptions of involvement in MI care, and whether differing levels of involvement might be associated with gender differences in treatment and outcome. AIM: To examine possible gender differences in MI patients' perceptions of their involvement during hospitalization. METHODS: Questionnaire study conducted in 2005-2006 among MI patients under the age of 75 at eleven hospitals. Patient ratings of their involvement during hospitalization were analyzed for age-stratified gender differences. RESULTS: Younger (<70 years of age) female MI patients placed significantly more value on shared decision-making than younger (<70) men. More than one third of patients would have liked to be more involved in their care during hospitalization and discharge planning, with women significantly more dissatisfied than men. Significantly fewer younger female patients discussed secondary preventive lifestyle changes with cardiology staff prior to hospital discharge. CONCLUSION: Significant age-specific gender differences exist in MI patient ratings of, and satisfaction with, involvement during hospitalization. Further study is needed regarding the possible role of involvement in the recognized gender differences in the treatment and outcomes of MI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 8, no 3, 174-181 p.
Keyword [en]
Patient involvement, Myocardial infarction, Patient perceptions, Questionnaire, Gender, Age
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-124795DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2008.11.002ISI: 000268952700004PubMedID: 19101209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-124795DiVA: diva2:317982
Available from: 2010-05-06 Created: 2010-05-06 Last updated: 2016-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Arnetz, Judith E.Arnetz, Bengt B.
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