Methodological aspects on microdialysis protein sampling and quantification in biological fluids: an in vitro study on human ventricular CSF.
2010 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 82, no 11, 4376-4385 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is growing interest in sampling of protein biomarkers from the interstitial compartment of the brain and other organs using high molecular cutoff membrane microdialysis (MD) catheters. However, recent data suggest that protein sampling across such MD membranes is a highly complex process that needs to be further studied. Here, we report three major improvements for microdialysis sampling of proteins in complex biological matrixes. The improvements in this in vitro study using human ventricular cerebrospinal fluid as the sample matrix include increased fluid recovery control, decreased protein adsorption on the microdialysis membrane and materials, and novel quantitative mass spectrometry analysis. Dextrans in different concentrations and sizes were added to the perfusion fluid. It was found that dextrans with molecular mass 250 and 500 kDa provided a fluid recovery close to 100%. An improved fluid recovery precision could be obtained by self-assembly triblock polymer surface modification of the MD catheters. The modified catheters also delivered a significantly increased extraction efficiency for some of the investigated proteins. The final improvement was to analyze the dialysates with isobaric tagged (iTRAQ) proteomics, followed by tandem mass spectrometric analysis. By using this technique, 48 proteins could be quantified and analyzed with respect to their extraction efficiencies. The novel aspects of microdialysis protein sampling, detection, and quantification in biological fluids presented in this study should be considered as a first step toward better understanding and handling of the challenges associated with microdialysis sampling of proteins. The next step is to optimize the developed methodology in vivo.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 11, 4376-4385 p.
Chemical Sciences Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-125676DOI: 10.1021/ac1007706ISI: 000278062800014PubMedID: 20465223OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-125676DiVA: diva2:320643