Flux attenuation due to sensor displacement over sea
2010 (English)In: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, ISSN 0739-0572, E-ISSN 1520-0426, Vol. 27, no 5, 856-868 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
When using the eddy correlation method to measure turbulent scalar fluxes, there is often a spatial separation between the instruments measuring the scalar and the vertical velocity. The attenuation of the flux due to this separation is studied here for marine conditions. Measurements of a two-point covariance between vertical velocity and temperature are compared to covariance measurements from collocated sensors for both horizontal and vertical displacements, with the purpose of finding the approximate functions to describe the flux loss for typical separation distances. On the basis of this study’s measurements, there is only a slight directional dependence (i.e., streamwise or crosswind separation) of the flux loss for sensor separation distances less than 1 m but an increasing dependence with increasing displacement distance. For a vertical displacement, observations from this study confirm that flux loss is less with the scalar sensor positioned below the velocity sensor than at an equal distance above. Furthermore, the data show a clear dependence on atmospheric stability with increasing flux loss for increasing stable stratification, but it is not as large as that found in previous studies of flux attenuation over land. For example, the authors compare estimated flux loss for neutral and moderately stable (z/L = 0.3) stratification at a measuring height of z = 10 m and a sensor displacement r = 0.3 m, where L is the Obukhov length. For neutral (stable, z/L = 0.3) stratification the estimated loss of flux is 3% (5%) of the total flux for horizontal displacement. Whereas for an equal vertical separation the estimates are 2% (4%) when the scalar sensor is placed above the anemometer but less than 1% (2%) if it is placed below. Thus, the authors conclude that placing the scalar sensor below the anemometer minimizes the flux loss due to sensor separation, and that a simple correction function can be used to quantify the mean flux loss due to sensor separation over sea.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
45 Beacon Street Boston, MA 02108-3693: American Meteorological Society , 2010. Vol. 27, no 5, 856-868 p.
Eddy Correlation Method, Scalars, Turbulence, Fluxes, Instrumentation, Sensors, Separation, Attenuation, Flux loss
Skalärer, Turbulens, Flöden, Instrument, Sensorer, Separation, Flödesdämpning, Flödesförslust
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject Meteorology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-125742DOI: 10.1175/2010JTECHA1388.1ISI: 000277777600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-125742DiVA: diva2:320889