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Immuno-PCR-based quantification of multiple phosphorylated tau-epitopes linked to Alzheimer's disease
Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, University of Kuopio Finland . (Alafuzoff)
2009 (English)In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 395, no 7, 2263-2267 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several lines of evidence suggest that quantification of phosphorylated sites in the tau-protein (phospho-tau) might be favorable for early and specific Alzheimer's disease diagnosis. The typical setup to quantify phosphorylated tau-epitopes relies on a sandwich ELISA with a capture antibody (Ab) recognizing tau independent of its phosphorylation status and a detector Ab binding specifically to a certain phosphorylation site. Besides Ab specificities, major challenges arise from the very low tau-concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ranging from 100 to 2,000 pg/ml. Based on the phosphorylation degree of a given position, which can be below 10%, the corresponding phospho-tau-level might be much lower, especially for multiphosphorylated epitopes studied here. Thus, a novel, highly sensitive, and generally applicable immunoassay is described to quantify tau-versions, which are phosphorylated at pThr212/pSer214/pThr231/pSer235, down to tau-concentrations of 2 pg/ml in CSF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 395, no 7, 2263-2267 p.
Keyword [en]
Alzheimer's disease
National Category
Neurology Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Neurology; Pathology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-125861DOI: 10.1007/s00216-009-3208-8PubMedID: 19821112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-125861DiVA: diva2:321106
Available from: 2010-05-28 Created: 2010-05-28 Last updated: 2016-05-13

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