Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is processed during secretion
2009 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 183, no 6, 3949-3954 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The eosinophil granulocyte is an inflammatory cell involved in allergic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis. Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a basic and potentially cytotoxic granule protein that is released from the eosinophil upon activation. The aim was to study secretion of molecular variants of ECP from blood eosinophils with the hypothesis that the stored noncytotoxic ECP is altered into cytotoxic species upon release from the cell. Eosinophil granulocytes were purified to >95% from venous blood from birch pollen allergic subjects, with symptoms of rhinitis, and from healthy control subjects during the birch pollen season. The cells were stimulated with IL-5, GM-CSF, or serum-opsonized Sephadex particles. Concentration of ECP in cells or supernatants was measured by means of a fluoroenzyme immunoassay, and ECP heterogeneity was studied using an affinity capture assay with the surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry technique. Extracts of unstimulated eosinophils contained 10 major ECP variants, with molecular masses ranging from 16.1 to 17.7 kDa. Stimulation with particles mainly induced the secretion of two molecular variants at 16.1 and 16.3 kDa, while cytokine stimulation gave rise to a different secretion profile. ECP variants in the pellet extracts remained unaffected by cell activation. The modifications of secreted ECP were partly explained by differences in N-linked glycosylations. Secretion of ECP from eosinophils involves protein modification. The molecular masses of released ECP have acquired the masses of the cytotoxic species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 183, no 6, 3949-3954 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126367DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.0900509ISI: 000270179700047PubMedID: 19692640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126367DiVA: diva2:323396