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How important is access to jobs?: Old question—improved answer
Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Department of Economics, Stockholm University.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 10, no 3, 389-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We study the impact of job proximity on individual employment and earnings. The analysis exploits a Swedish refugee dispersal policy to obtain exogenous variation in individual locations. Using very detailed data on the exact location of all residences and workplaces in Sweden, we find that having been placed in a location with poor job access in 1990–1991 adversely affected employment in 1999. Doubling the number of jobs in the initial location in 1990–1991 is associated with 2.9 percentage points higher employment probability in 1999. Considering that the 1999 employment rate was 43% among the refugees, this is a considerable effect. The analysis suggests that residential sorting leads to underestimation of the impact of job access.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 10, no 3, 389-422 p.
Keyword [en]
Job access, endogenous location, natural experiment, spatial mismatch
National Category
Human Geography Economics
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography; Economics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126422DOI: 10.1093/jeg/lbp040ISI: 000276745000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126422DiVA: diva2:323990
Available from: 2010-06-14 Created: 2010-06-14 Last updated: 2011-11-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Home, Job and Space: Mapping and Modeling the Labor Market
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Home, Job and Space: Mapping and Modeling the Labor Market
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How does space affect individuals’ outcome on the labor market? And how do we measure it? Beyond the notion of the labor market as a system of supply and demand, lays a society of individuals and workplaces, whose relationships are undeniably complex. This thesis aims to shed some new light on how to investigate and analyze the complex labor market relationships from a spatial perspective.

In this thesis, five self-contained articles describe the spatial relationship between individuals and workplaces. In the first article, the official delineation of local labor market areas is tested against the delineation of labor markets for different subgroups. Differences in the regionalization are discussed from the subgroups’ and municipals’ perspective.

In the second article, two sources of bias in the computation of local labor market areas, and suggestions how to reduce them, are presented.

In the third article the spatial mismatch hypothesis is tested and confirmed on a refugee population in Sweden.

In articles four and five, a new model for the estimation of job accessibility is introduced and evaluated. The model, ELMO, is created to answer to the need for a new accessibility measure to be used in spatial mismatch related research. The usability of the model is validated through empirical tests, were the ELMO-model excels in comparison to the accessibility models it is tested against.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, 2007. 56 p.
Geografiska regionstudier, ISSN 0431-2023 ; 72
Social and economic geography, GIS, ELMO, Estimated Labor Market Outcome, Estimated Labour Market Outcome, Accessibility, Access, Job Accessibility, Place, Employment, Unemployment, Labour, Labor, Labor Market, Labour Market, Topology, Local Labour Market Area, Modelling, Modeling, Spatial Modelling, Spatial Modeling, Spatial Mismatch, SMH, Mismatch, Commuting, Regionalization, Geography, Population Geography, Economic Geography, Time-geography, Space, Kulturgeografi
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7449 (URN)
Public defence
2007-02-16, Minus, Gustavianum, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 10:15
Available from: 2007-01-26 Created: 2007-01-26 Last updated: 2011-11-16Bibliographically approved

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