Plasma-levels of sex steroids in 3 species of pipefish (Syngnathidae)
1993 (English)In: Canadian Journal of Zoology, ISSN 0008-4301, E-ISSN 1480-3283, Vol. 71, no 9, 1903-1907 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The pipefishes (Syngnathidae) are marine teleosts in which the males brood the young. In some species sex-role reversal occurs when, contrary to the usual pattern, females compete more intensely than males for access to mates. This paper reports an investigation of the sex hormones of males and females to see whether they deviate from the ''normal'' teleost pattern. To that end, plasma levels of the androgens testosterone (T), 11-ketotestosterone (OT), 11beta-hydroxytestosterone, 11-ketoandrostenedione, and 11beta-hydroxyandrostenedione (OHA), together with 17alpha-hydroxy-20beta-dihydroprogesterone (17,20-P) and 17beta-estradiol (E2), were measured by means of radioimmunoassay in three species of pipefish: Nerophis ophidion, Syngnathus typhle, and Syngnathus acus. Plasma levels of OT, the dominant circulating androgen in breeding males of most teleost species, was found to be highest in breeding males and low or non-detectable later in the brooding males. This observed decline in male OT levels from the prespawning to the postspawning (=brooding) period is in general agreement with what has been found in other teleosts. In both breeding and brooding S. acus males, T was quantitatively the dominant androgen, whereas OHA was the major androgen in S. acus females, as well as in the females and breeding or brooding males of both S. typhle and N. ophidion. In breeding S. acus and S. typhle males the levels of T, OHT, and OT were higher than in corresponding brooding males and females. The 17,20-P level was below detection limit. E2 was also usually non-detectable, but was most consistently found in breeding Syngnathus males.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1993. Vol. 71, no 9, 1903-1907 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126460DOI: 10.1139/z93-272ISI: A1993MC69900032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126460DiVA: diva2:324110