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Psychotropic drug use in elderly people with and without dementia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research.
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2001 (English)In: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, ISSN 0885-6230, E-ISSN 1099-1166, Vol. 16, no 9, 900-906 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of psychotropic drug use in very old persons with and without dementia in two time periods, and describe the patterns of psychotropic drug use between institutions and non-institutions.MethodsDescriptive analysis on a sample of subjects aged 81+ from a population-based study in Stockholm, Sweden. Psychotropic drug use data were collected from the 1987-1989 and 1994-1996 periods of the study. The diagnosis of dementia was based on the DSM III-R.ResultsAbout 41% of the subjects used at least one psychotropic drug in both periods. Women and subjects in institutions more commonly used psychotropic drugs. The most commonly reported were, in rank order, hypnotics-sedatives, anxiolytics, antipsychotics and antidepressants. Hypnotics-sedatives and anxiolytics were the most commonly used in both institutions and non-institutions. More persons with dementia used psychotropic drugs in both periods. The use of newer drugs, for example, SSRI, was evident. Multivariate analyses showed increased risk for psychotropic drug use among subjects in institutions.ConclusionsThis study confirms the high rate of psychotropic drug use in the very old, particularly in persons with dementia. Psychotropic drug use was high among subjects living in institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 16, no 9, 900-906 p.
Keyword [en]
psychotropic drugs, very old persons, dementia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126556DOI: 10.1002/gps.438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126556DiVA: diva2:324821
Available from: 2010-06-16 Created: 2010-06-16 Last updated: 2010-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Bernsten, Cecilia
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