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Evidensbaserade åtgärder för att minska risken för en ohälsosam viktökning hos gravida kvinnor: En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att granska och värdera aktuell forskning om vilka evidensbaserade omvårdnadsåtgärder som finns för att förhindra en ohälsosam viktuppgång hos gravida kvinnor.

Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie.

Resultat: Normalviktiga kvinnor kan lättare ta till sig viktrekommendation enligt Institute of Medicine (IOM), som bidrar till en hälsosam viktuppgång under graviditeten.  Kvinnor med övervikt eller fetma verkar ha svårare att ta till sig dessa rekommendationer och hålla sig till en hälsosam viktuppgång. Dock visar ett fåtal av studierna att kostrådgivning, motiverande samtal och fysisk aktivitet kan påverka dessa kvinnor till en hälsosammare viktuppgång under graviditet. En kombination av metoder behövs för att ge en hälsosam viktuppgång till gravida kvinnor.

Slutsats: Resultat från utvalda vetenskapliga studier stärker de viktrekommendationer som Institute of Medicine (IOM) har arbetat fram. I många fall fyller de sin funktion genom att påverka gravida kvinnor till en hälsosam viktuppgång under graviditeten. Kvinnor med övervikt och fetma verkar ha svårare att ta till sig givna viktrekommendationer jämfört med normalviktiga kvinnor, och kan därför behöva mer stöd under sin graviditet.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To evaluate and investigate and get a better understanding of what evidence-based measures there are to prevent unhealthy weight gain among pregnant women.

Method: Systematic literature review.

Result: Normal weight women can more easily absorb weight gain recommendation under Institute of Medicine (IOM), which contribute to a healthy weight gain during pregnancy. Women with overweight or obesity appears to have more difficulties following these recommendations and stick to a healthy weight gain during pregnancy. However, shows a few of the studies that dietary counseling, motivational interviewing and physical activity may influence these women to a healthier weight gain during pregnancy. Combinations of methods are needed to support a healthy weight gain for pregnant women.

Conclusion: Results from selected scientific studies reinforce the importance of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations and shows that they often fulfill their function by affecting pregnant women. Women with overweight and obesity seem to have easier to ignore given recommendations for recommended weight gain, compared with normal weight women, and thus appears to have greater need of support with regard to this during their pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Pregnancy, obesity, weight gain, prevention
Keyword [sv]
Graviditet, fetma, viktuppgång, förebyggande
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126709OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126709DiVA: diva2:326351
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-23 Created: 2010-06-22 Last updated: 2010-06-23Bibliographically approved

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