Neolithic Monuments on Gotland: Material Expressions of the Domestication Process
2010 (English)In: Baltic Prehistoric Interactions and Transformations: the Neolithic to the Bronze Age / [ed] Helene Martinsson-Wallin, Visby: Gotland University , 2010, 39-61 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
In this paper I will summarise the evidence of monumental architecture during theNeolithic period on the island of Gotland. The archaeological record shows the presence of onlyone confirmed and one suggested Megalith structure, of Dolmen-type on the Island. The humanskeletal remains found here indicate collective burials including individuals of both sexes and ofvarious ages. Another stone monument, which might be interpreted as a Causeway structure (Sarup-type,) may derive from the Neolithic time. During the middle Neolithic (Pitted Ware Culturephase) there is an absence of stone grave architecture and the burials from this time are found inshallow oval pits, often as individualised and single burials. In the Late Neolithic, stone cist burialsappear and they are distributed all around the Island. These usually contain one or a fewindividuals and are in some cases covered by Early Bronze Age cairns, indicating continuous useat the sites into this period. These changes in the burial practises during the Neolithic demonstratea trend towards a higher degree of selectivity among the individuals buried, which may indicate atrend towards a higher level of stratification in the society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Gotland University , 2010. 39-61 p.
Gotland University Press, ISSN 1653-7424 ; 5
Arkeologi Neolitisk tid Norden Gotland
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hgo:diva-577ISBN: 978-91-86343-01-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hgo-577DiVA: diva2:328477