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Mutations in the frizzled 6 (FZD6) gene cause isolated autosomal recessive nail dysplasia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-126985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-126985DiVA: diva2:328977
Available from: 2010-07-07 Created: 2010-07-02 Last updated: 2010-08-30
In thesis
1. Molecular Studies of Diamond-Blackfan Anemia and Congenital Nail Dysplasia
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Molecular Studies of Diamond-Blackfan Anemia and Congenital Nail Dysplasia
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to investigate the effect of genetic mutations on the pathophysiology of two human disorders: Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) and isolated congenital nail dysplasia.

The first part of this thesis (Paper I-III) investigates the mechanism associated with DBA. DBA is a rare bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by the absence or decrease of erythroid precursor cells. The disease is further associated with growth retardation, malformations, predisposition to malignant disease and heterozygous mutations in ribosomal protein (RP) genes. The second part of this thesis (Paper IV) investigates the genetic basis of isolated autosomal recessive nail dysplasia characterized by pachyonychia and onycholysis of both finger- and toenails. It further dissects the molecular mechanisms regulating nail development.

In the first study, we investigated the previously reported RPS19/PIM-1 interaction by generating a combined Rps19/Pim-1 knockout mouse model. We found that allelic Rps19 insufficiency and Pim-1 deficiency have a cooperative effect on murine hematopoiesis resulting in increased myeloid cellularity associated with cell cycle alterations and reduced apoptosis. In the second study, we analyzed primary fibroblasts from DBA patients with truncating mutations in RPS19 or RPS24 and observed a marked delay in cellular growth associated with specific cell cycle defects. In the third study, we discovered that recombinant RPS19 binds its own mRNA and that the binding is altered when two DBA-associated RPS19 mutations are introduced. In the fourth study, we identified mutations in the WNT signaling receptor Frizzled 6 (FZD6). We observed that the nonsense mutant fails to interact with the first downstream effector Dishevelled. Fzd6 mutant mice displayed claw malformations and we detected a transient Fzd6 expression in the distal digits at the embryonic time point for nail development.

In summary, this thesis elucidates several mechanisms in the etiology of DBA and congenital nail dysplasia and mechanisms regulating nail development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsalaiensis, 2010. 65 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 579
Diamond-Blackfan Anemia, RPS19, RPS24, PIM-1, Erythropoiesis, Cell cycle, Apoptosis, Nail dysplasia, FZD6, WNT signaling
National Category
Medical Genetics
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128067 (URN)978-91-554-7849-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-09-17, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskjöldsv. 20, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Available from: 2010-08-27 Created: 2010-07-19 Last updated: 2010-08-30

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