Down-regulation of progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) in peripheral nucleated blood cells associated with premature ovarian failure (POF) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
2010 (English)In: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology, ISSN 1477-7827, Vol. 8, 58- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Progesterone receptor membrane component 1 (PGRMC1) is a member of a progesterone-binding complex implicated in female reproduction. We aimed i) to determine the natural expression of PGRMC1 in peripheral nucleated blood cells throughout the menstrual cycle and ii) to investigate any association between PGRMC1 levels in leukocytes and conditions characterized by reduced fertility. METHODS: We analyzed PGRMC1 expression in peripheral leukocytes from 15 healthy cycling women over four weeks. Additionally, we determined PGRMC1 levels in samples from patients with premature ovarian failure (POF) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as well as in healthy postmenopausal women and male controls. The levels of PGRMC1 protein in nucleated peripheral blood cells were quantified by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: PGRMC1 levels did not vary significantly throughout the menstrual cycle. We observed a significant down-regulation of PGRMC1 in postmenopausal women and in patients with premature ovarian failure (POF) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) when compared to early follicular phase of healthy women. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that reduced levels of PGRMC1 in peripheral leukocytes are associated with perturbed ovulatory function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 8, 58- p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-127208DOI: 10.1186/1477-7827-8-58ISI: 000280288800002PubMedID: 20537145OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-127208DiVA: diva2:329219