Reduced VGLUT2 expression increases motor neuron viability in Sod1(G93A) mice
2010 (English)In: Neurobiology of Disease, ISSN 0969-9961, E-ISSN 1095-953X, Vol. 37, no 1, 58-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glutamate-induced excitotoxicity has been suggested to influence pathogenesis in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) are responsible for transport of glutamate into synaptic vesicles. Nerve terminals that envelop motor neurons in the spinal cord contain VGLUT2 and are likely responsible for most glutamate release on motor neurons. The role of VGLUT2 in ALS and its potential role to influence motor neuron survival have not previously been studied. Here, in a mouse model of ALS. we show that genetic reduction of VGLUT2 protein levels rescues motor neurons in the lumbar spinal cord and in the brainstem as well as neuromuscular junctions in tibialis anterior. Although the number of remaining motor neurons increased. neither disease onset nor life span was affected. We also show that the motor neuron subpopulation-specific markers calcitonin/calcitonin-related polypeptide alpha (Calca) and estrogen related receptor beta (ERR beta) respond in a similar way to reduced VGLUT2 as the whole motor neuron population suggesting that the rescued motor neurons are not of a particular motor unit type. Taken together, this suggests that reduced levels of VGLUT2 decrease motor neuron degeneration but do not prevent loss of motor neuron function in the SOD1(G93A) mouse model for ALS. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 37, no 1, 58-66 p.
ALS, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Glutamate, Vglut2, Vesicular glutamate transporters, Excitotoxicity, Motor neuron, Neurodegeneration, Motor neuron subpopulations, Calca, Chondrolectin, Chodl, ERRb
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-127378DOI: 10.1016/j.nbd.2009.09.006ISI: 000272533000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-127378DiVA: diva2:329728