Norepinephrine increases calcium sensitivity of mouse afferent arteriole, thereby enhancing angiotensin II-mediated vasoconstriction
2009 (English)In: Kidney International, ISSN 0085-2538, E-ISSN 1523-1755, Vol. 76, no 9, 953-959 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Many agents constrict isolated afferent arterioles only at concentrations higher than their physiological levels. Here we determined if norepinephrine, as released by sympathetic nerve activity, could influence the angiotensin II responsiveness of isolated mouse afferent arterioles. Pretreatment of the arterioles for short periods with norepinephrine significantly increased the ability of 10 picomolar angiotensin II to constrict the vessels, an effect inhibited by the alpha receptor blockers prazosin (alpha-1) or yohimbine (alpha-2). Although the intracellular calcium transients induced by angiotensin were not different, phosphorylation of the 20 kDa myosin light chain was significantly increased in the presence of norepinephrine. Phosphorylation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase was not changed. Phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit at Thr696, but not at Thr850, was significantly enhanced by, norepinephrine pretreatment, thus increasing the calcium sensitivity of the arteriolar smooth muscle. Our results show that norepinephrine increases afferent arteriolar sensitivity to angiotensin II by means of alpha receptor activation, causing increased calcium sensitivity through phosphorylation of the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit. Kidney International (2009) 76, 953-959; doi:10.1038/ki.2009.261; published online 22 July 2009
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 76, no 9, 953-959 p.
perfused afferent arteriole, renal circulation, renal sympathetic nervous system, renin-angiotensin system, vascular smooth muscle, western blot
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-127464DOI: 10.1038/ki.2009.261ISI: 000270853800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-127464DiVA: diva2:330175