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Rare earth elements in alpha-Ti: A first-principles investigation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics. (Condensed Matter Theory Grp)
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2009 (English)In: Computational materials science, ISSN 0927-0256, Vol. 46, no 4, 1187-1191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The interaction energies between substitutional rare earth (RE) atoms, between RE and interstitial C, N, O, H atoms, as well as between RE and vacancies in alpha-Ti are calculated via first-principles density-functional theory with projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials. The results show that the RE-vacancy and RE-RE interactions are attractive due to the weaker RE-Ti bond than the host Ti-Ti bond. All of the RE atoms investigated in this paper are repulsive to C and N, but attractive to H. RE-O interactions are repulsive for the light RE atoms, though the interactions are very weak for the heavy RE atoms. The mechanism underlying the interactions and their possible influence on the properties of Ti alloys are discussed. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 46, no 4, 1187-1191 p.
Keyword [en]
First-principles calculations, Rare earth elements, Interstitial impurities, Titanium alloy
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-127466DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2009.06.005ISI: 000271024000052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-127466DiVA: diva2:330199
Available from: 2010-07-15 Created: 2010-07-13 Last updated: 2012-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, BörjeVitos, Levente
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