Male mating costs in a polygynous mosquito with ornaments expressed in both sexes
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 276, no 1673, 3671-3678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Male mate choice in species with conventional sex roles is difficult to explain and has, therefore, been the focus of many recent theoretical models. These models have focused on variance in female quality and, to a lesser extent, male investments/costs associated with mating. In this study, we investigate the costs of courtship and copulation in the polygynous mosquito Sabethes cyaneus. In this species, both males and females possess elaborate ornaments. Previous studies suggest that the most likely explanation for the presence of these ornaments is mutual mate choice. Thus, this system provides an excellent model for exploring the evolution of mutual mate choice in polygynous species. We disentangle the costs of courtship and copulation by monitoring male survival in three groups of males: housed alone (group 1); able only to court females (group 2); or able to court and copulate with females (group 3). We show that males incur a cost of courtship and copulation and that courtship intensity is negatively related to male longevity. Our results suggest that courtship and copulation carry additive costs to males. We discuss the implications of these results in the context of current mutual mate choice theory and suggest that courtship costs may be an unappreciated key factor in the evolution of male mate choice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 276, no 1673, 3671-3678 p.
Culicidae, Diptera, mutual mate choice, sex roles, sexual selection
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-127511DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0991ISI: 000270172200013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-127511DiVA: diva2:330491