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The Hamburg/ESO R-process enhanced star survey (HERES) IV. Detailed abundance analysis and age dating of the strongly r-process enhanced stars CS 29491-069 and HE 1219-0312
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
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2009 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 504, no 2, 511-524 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on a detailed abundance analysis of two strongly r-process enhanced, very metal-poor stars newly discovered in the HERES project, CS 29491-069 ([Fe/H] = -2.51, [r/Fe] = +1.1) and HE 1219-0312 ([Fe/H] = -2.96, [r/Fe] = +1.5). The analysis is based on high-quality VLT/UVES spectra and MARCS model atmospheres. We detect lines of 15 heavy elements in the spectrum of CS 29491-069, and 18 in HE 1219-0312; in both cases including the Th II 4019 angstrom line. The heavy-element abundance patterns of these two stars are mostly well-matched to scaled solar residual abundances not formed by the s-process. We also compare the observed pattern with recent high-entropy wind (HEW) calculations, which assume core-collapse supernovae of massive stars as the astrophysical environment for the r-process, and find good agreement for most lanthanides. The abundance ratios of the lighter elements strontium, yttrium, and zirconium, which are presumably not formed by the main r-process, are reproduced well by the model. Radioactive dating for CS 29491-069 with the observed thorium and rare-earth element abundance pairs results in an average age of 9.5 Gyr, when based on solar r-process residuals, and 17.6 Gyr, when using HEW model predictions. Chronometry seems to fail in the case of HE 1219-0312, resulting in a negative age due to its high thorium abundance. HE 1219-0312 could therefore exhibit an overabundance of the heaviest elements, which is sometimes called an "actinide boost".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 504, no 2, 511-524 p.
Keyword [en]
stars: abundances, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, Galaxy: halo, Galaxy: abundances, Galaxy: evolution
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128254DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200811121ISI: 000269986100018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128254DiVA: diva2:330976
Available from: 2010-07-20 Created: 2010-07-20 Last updated: 2010-07-20Bibliographically approved

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