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Synthesis of Conformationally Locked Carba-LNAs through Intramolecular Free-Radical Addition to C=N. Electrostatic and Steric Implication of the Carba-LNA Substituents in the Modified Oligos for Nuclease and Thermodynamic Stabilities
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioorganic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioorganic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioorganic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Bioorganic Chemistry.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 74, no 17, 6534-6554 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The syntheses of the hitherto unavailable parentfully unsubstituted carba-LNA and its C7'-amino and/or C6'-hydroxyl substituted derivatives, have been accomplished by the intramolecular 5-exo free-radical addition to a C4'-tethered C=N to give carba-LNAs with variable hydrophilic substituents at C6'/C7' (amino and/or hydroxyl). They have been introduced into isosequential antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) to examine how their relative electrostatic and steric effects in the minor groove of a putative AON-RNA duplex affect the target affinity, nuclease resistance, and RNase H elicitation. We show that 2'-oxygen in LNA is important in stabilizing the DNA/DNA and DNA/RNA duplexes vis-a-vis the unsubstituted carba-LNA and its other derivatives and that hydrophobic groups at C6'/C7' in both carba-LNA and carba-ENA relatively destabilize the AON/DNA duplex more profoundly than those in the AON/RNA duplexes. Two main factors affect the relative stabilities of AON/DNA versus AON/RNA duplexes: (i) hydration in the minor groove depending upon hydrophilicity vis-a-vis hydrophobicity of the substituents, and (ii) the relative size of the minor groove in the AON/DNA versus AON/RNA duplexes dictates the steric clash with the substituents depending upon their relative chiralities. We also show how the chirality and chemical nature of the C6'/C7' substituents affect the nuclease stability as well as the thermal stability and the RNase recruitment by AON/RNA duplexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 74, no 17, 6534-6554 p.
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128300DOI: 10.1021/jo901009wISI: 000269257800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128300DiVA: diva2:331150
Available from: 2010-07-21 Created: 2010-07-20 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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