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Vegetational and environmental history during the Holocene in the Esbjerg area, west Jutland, Denmark
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2009 (English)In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 18, no 5, 351-369 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A pollen diagram from a site in the Esbjerg area, western Denmark, is used for reconstruction of the Holocene vegetational and environmental history there. During the Atlantic there was a parallel development of the landscape to that of other areas in Jylland (Jutland). From the late Neolithic onwards the development took its own course related to the approaching North Sea, which periodically inundated parts of the Esbjerg area. The record reflects landscape development in a formerly marine valley where sediments seem to be missing from parts of the Bronze Age and the early Iron Age. Consequently the landscape development during these times is only reflected in glimpses in the vegetation record, which shows gradually more open woodland and increasing human impact. During the late part of the Iron Age, Viking period and Middle Ages, the woodland was diverse in taxa but became increasingly open, finally reaching a stage during which there may have been too little wood even for daily use. At the same time the use of the land intensified. During the Sub-Atlantic, the Esbjerg area offered good natural resources with extensive grazing areas in the marine marshes in addition to good possibilities for farming and use of the woodland on higher ground, but devastating floods occurred.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 18, no 5, 351-369 p.
Keyword [en]
Holocene, West Denmark, Vegetational history, Sea level, Human impact
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128307DOI: 10.1007/s00334-009-0214-xISI: 000268729300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128307DiVA: diva2:331158
Available from: 2010-07-21 Created: 2010-07-20 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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