Low-frequency magnetohydrodynamics and geodesic acoustic modes in toroidally rotating tokamak plasmas
2009 (English)In: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, E-ISSN 1361-6587, Vol. 51, no 8, 085006- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper analyses low-frequency magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes, especially the geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs), in toroidal plasmas with large aspect ratio and circular cross section, including the effects of toroidal plasma rotation. A system of equations describing MHD modes with frequency of the order of the sound frequency in such plasmas is derived from the Frieman-Rotenberg equation, using a technique where the plasma perturbation xi and the perturbed magnetic field Q are expanded separately in the inverse aspect ratio epsilon = r/R, where r and R denote the minor and major radii of the plasma torus, respectively. The large-scale, ideal MHD properties of the GAM induced by toroidal rotation (Wahlberg 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 115003) are thereafter analysed in more detail employing this system of equations. It is shown that both the axisymmetric GAMs existing in rotating plasmas are localized on a specific magnetic surface only to leading order in e, and that a 'halo' consisting of finite components of both xi and Q with dominant poloidal mode numbers m = +/- 2 appears outside this magnetic surface to higher orders in epsilon.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 51, no 8, 085006- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128338DOI: 10.1088/0741-3335/51/8/085006ISI: 000268412800006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-128338DiVA: diva2:331296